Khartoum 2030 Towards An Environmentally-Sensitive Vision for the Development of Greater Khartoum, Sudan

Authors

  • Gamal M. Hamid
  • Ibrahim Z. Bahreldin

Abstract

Over the past century, Greater Khartoum witnessed five urban planning schemes geared to direct its growth and development for an average of two decades each. Those master and structure plans addressed primarily its land use and transportation issues with some attention paid to environmental issues. This study develops an alternative vision for Greater Khartoum and charts a distinctive path for its future development that aims to maximize its natural assets, to enrich its urban image and to propose measures to safeguard its unique environmental qualities. Such a vision is not a stand-alone exercise, nor developed in a vacuum. Rather, its point of departure is the most recent master plan, KPP5 of 2008, to which the proposed vision relates. The study proposes a vision for what the city is capable of evolving into in the coming decades. It investigates the essential components of urban planning – namely, land use, housing, transportation, infrastructure and social services – all within an enriching environmental framework. The methodology used in this study includes a thorough review of urbanization trends and past urban development plans for Greater Khartoum, review of environmental laws, strategies and acts that impinge upon urban development in Greater Khartoum, and facilitating the formulation of an alternative vision by a sample of young generations and future residents of Greater Khartoum – including high school students, university students, recent graduates from both genders. Such visions, as the study concludes, are different, optimistic and more creative when compared with those espoused by older generations and professionals who developed the previous master plans. Special participatory workshops were organized where young participants were given the chance to express their visions verbally, in writing and through sketches. The principal investigators then compiled the main features and highlight of those budding visions into an alternative vision for Greater Khartoum – one that reconciles its unlimited appetite for urban land with the desires of its future residents for a pleasant city where all essential amenities are engulfed within a cleaner and "greener†environment. This study though not comprehensive enough, identifies trends of how future generations envision Khartoum in 2030. The study concludes by providing some recommendations that pave the way to the realization of that vision as well as to ensure the sustainability of suggested urban changes and transformations.

References

Allen, A. Urban sustainability under threat: the restructuring of the fishing industry in Mar del Plate, Argentina. In: D. Westerndorff and D. Eade (eds) Development and Cities. Geneva and Oxford: UNRISD and Oxfam, 2002

Hamid, G. M., & Bahreldin, I. Z. Environmental sustainability in Greater Khartoum between natural assets and human interventions in "International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development", 4(2), 100-110, 2013

Hamid, G. M., Population Displacement in Sudan: Patterns, Responses, Coping Strategies, Staten Island, New York: Center for Migration Studies, 1996

McLean, W.H. and Hunt, G., Some municipal engineering problems in the Tropics, in Balfour, A. (ed.) Report of Wellcome Tropical Research Laboratories at the Gordon Memorial College. Volume B: General Science, 1911

McLean, W.H., The planning of Khartoum and Omdurman in the earliest period of British rule, in Pons V. (ed.) Urbanization and Urban Life in Sudan, Hull Department of Sociology, Hull University, 1980

Hafazalla, A.A., The urban development planning of Greater Khartoum: coping with urban dynamics, In Osman, O.S. et al. (eds.). Urban Housing in Sudan, Proceedings of the Architects' Third Scientific Conference, Khartoum, Sudan, 28th-30th April, 2008

MEFIT Consulting Engineers and CENTECS, Khartoum Structure Plan (KPP5), Vol. 1 Part 1, p. 86, Khartoum State Ministry of Planning and Physical Development, October, 2009

MEFIT Consulting Engineers and CENTECS, Khartoum Structure Plan (KPP5), Vol. 1 Part 2, p. 112. Khartoum State Ministry of Planning and Physical Development, October, 2009

Musa. O.S., Der Grungurtel von Khartoum (The green belt of Khartoum), Bitrage fur die Forstwirtschaft, Vol. 11 No. 2, 1977

Downloads

Published

2014-12-15

How to Cite

Hamid, G. M., & Bahreldin, I. Z. (2014). Khartoum 2030 Towards An Environmentally-Sensitive Vision for the Development of Greater Khartoum, Sudan. L’architettura Delle città  - The Journal of the Scientific Society Ludovico Quaroni, 2(3-4-5). Retrieved from http://www.architetturadellecitta.it/index.php/adc/article/view/50

Issue

Section

L'Architettura delle città-The Journal of Scientific Society Ludovico Quaroni